Orthodontics is an arm of dentistry for fixing teeth and jaws that are not properly positioned. Deformed teeth can be very difficult to clean, hence, they can easily lead to tooth decay as well as other oral diseases. They can also affect your look and smile since they are not positioned in the right place. Getting Houston Orthodontics will give you a more charming look and a disease-free mouth. An orthodontist is a specialist who received extra two years of training in addition to the normal training received at the dental school.
How do I Know if I Need Orthodontics?
In order to know if you need Houston Orthodontics, you need to see your dentist. You will be properly diagnosed and some methods that will be used include clinical examination, analysis of medical as well as dental history, taking plaster models of your teeth, photographs, X-rays and so on. After proper diagnosis, your dentist or orthodontist will work out a treatment plan that is ideal for you.
Some of the conditions that require Houston Orthodontics include overbite or buck teeth, a situation where your top front teeth stick out over the bottom ones. Another condition is known as underbite and it is a situation whereby your lower teeth stick out more than the upper ones thereby giving you a bulldog look. There is also a condition called crossbite which is characterized by disagreement between your upper and lower teeth during biting.
In addition, when your back teeth are biting together and there is a space between the chewing surfaces of your front and side teeth, the condition is known as open bite and it makes you an ideal candidate for Houston Orthodontics. When your top front teeth center does not align with the bottom front teeth center, it is known as misplaced midline. Another condition in orthodontics is known as spacing and it is characterized by spaces as well as gaps in the mouth. Crowding is another condition whereby the teeth for your dental ridge are too many to be accommodated.
How Does Orthodontic Treatment Work?
There are different types of devices used in Houston Orthodontics. Some are fixed while others are removable and they are usually used to move teeth and retrain muscles so that crooked teeth can be fixed. The severity of your case will determine the type of device that will be used for you and some of them are discussed below.
Braces are fixed devices and they are the most popular. They consist of bands, brackets and wires. The bands are connected round your teeth and they serve as the anchor for the device, whereas brackets are bonded to the front teeth most of the times. The arch wires are made to pass through the brackets in order to be attached to the bands. When the arch wire is tightened, a pressure is put on the teeth thereby enabling them to move to the right position. Usually, braces are adjusted every month so that the desired result will be achieved. Braces in today’s world are lighter, smaller and are available in bright colors for kids while clear styles are available for adults.
Special Fixed Appliances
These are usually used to curb thumb sucking or thrusting of the tongue. They are connected to the teeth with the aid of bands and are usually used as last resorts because they can make you feel uncomfortable when eating.
Fixed Space Maintainers
Fixed space maintainers are used to maintain lost milk teeth until new ones come up. A band is connected to the next tooth to the space while a wire is connected to the other side touching the first tooth on line.
Aligners are great alternative to conventional braces, especially for adults. They correct crooked teeth the same way fixed devices do but they don’t use brackets and wires. They are basically not visible and can be removed when you want to eat, brush or floss.
Removable Space Maintainers
They serve the same purpose as the fixed maintainers. They are produced with an acrylic base which conforms to your jaw and there are plastic branches between the particular teeth so that the space between them can be kept open.
Jaw Repositioning Devices
Jaw repositioning devices are also known as splints and they are either worn on the upper or lower jaw. They assist in training the jaw to close properly in order to maintain its right position. They are used for several orthodontic cases including temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJ).
Lip and Cheek Bumpers
Lip and cheek bumpers are used to prevent the lips and cheeks from having contacts with the teeth. The muscles of the lip as well as cheek can put tension on the teeth. And that is why these devices are used to keep them at bay.
Palatal expander is an orthodontic device used for widening the arch of the top jaw. The device consists of a plastic plate which is placed on the roof of your mouth. And when an external force is applied to the plate, the palate expands in length.
Removable retainers are used to prevent the movement of the teeth to their former position. And they are placed on the roof of your mouth. They can also be used for the prevention of thumb sucking if they are properly modified.
Headgear are used to slow down the growth of the top jaw. And pull back the front teeth while the back teeth are held down. It consists of a strap which is fixed around the rear of the head. And a metal wire attached to the front.
It is important to consult with your Houston dentist in order to be sure that you are an ideal candidate for Houston Orthodontics. The treatment is not complex and positive results are always guaranteed. The result that will be achieved is largely based on the competence of the dentist. As a result of this, you should endeavor to choose the right professional.